IberiaNature A guide to the natural history of Spain
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Guide to Spain D

eagle : águila ; (cat)

Eagles in Spain

  • Bonelli's eagle :

See Bonelli's Eagle in Spain

  • Spanish imperial eagle : águila imperial ibérica; àliga coronada (cat) ( Aquila adalberti )

Rare. Maybe 150-200 pairs left in the world, all of whch are as the name suggests are in Spain . The population appears to be stable or recovering. See Origin of Spanish imperial eagle

  • golden eagle : águila real; àliga reial (cat) ( Aquila chrysaetos )

Quite common with a stable or rising population of more than 1,200 pairs in Pyrenees , Sístema Ibérica, Sístema Central, Sierra Morena and Sístemas Béticas.

  • booted eagle : aguililla calzada; àliga calçada ( Hieraaetus pennatus )

Probably rising summer and passage population of 2,000-4,000 especially in central- and south-west (Sístema Ibérica, Extremadura.

  • short-toed eagle : culebrera europea; àguila marcenca (cat) (Circaetus gallicus)

Maybe stable population of 2,000 pairs, concentrated in Pyrenees and Cordillera Cantábrica. Summer and spring-autumn passage.

  • lesser spotted eagle : águila pomerana; àguila pomerana (cat) : ( Aquila pomarina)

Rare sporadic visitor.

  • spotted eagle : águila moteada; àguila cridanera (cat) ( Aquila clanga ).

Rare though occasional visitor.

  • osprey : águila pescadora; àliga pescadora (cat) ( Pandion haliaetus ).

20 pairs in the Balearics, Canaries 12 pairs. Some individuals in winter in Huelva and Cadiz . Endangered.

eagle owl : búho real; duc ( Bubo bubo)

eagle's nest : a guilera (and a commonish surname)

earthquake : terremoto; seísmo; terratrèmol (cat)

The Iberian Peninsula is only at moderate risk from earthquakes, although every two hundred odd years one as big as six on the Richter Scale will inevitably occur. See Earthquakes in Spain

earthworm : lombriz; cuc de terra (cat)

earwig : tijereta; cortapicos; cortapichas (col.); papaorelles (cat)

Ebro : (Iberus or Hiberus-Latin Ebre-Cat)

Length : 910 km
Basin area : 85,362 km² (445 Km2 in Andorra , 502 Km2 in France, the rest in Spain )
Flow at mouth: 426 m3/s in 1994 (22% less than in 1971)

Main tributaries: Jalón, Gállego, Cinca-Segre, Aragón

edible dormouse : lirón gris; lirón gris (cat) ( Glis glis) Note: Dormir como un lirón - Sleep like a log



cattle egret : garcilla bueyera : esplugabous : Bubulcus ibis

great white egret : garceta grande : agró blanc : Egretta alba

little egret : garceta común : martinet blanc : Egretta garzetta

Egyptian mongoose : meloncillo : Herpestes ichneumon

Introduced by the Arabs as a pet and to kill snakes. Its numbers are rising in part because of reduced competition from the near-extinction of the Iberian lynx.

Egyptian vulture : alimoche común; aufrany (cat) (Neophron percnopterus)

eider : eider common eider : eider común ( Somateria mollissima)

Eleonora's falcon : halcón de Eleonora; falcó de la reina (cat) ( Falco eleonorae )

elm : olmo; om

emmer wheat : escanda

escarpment : escarpa

estate : finca

estuary : ría; estero

eucalyptus : eucalipto

The eucalyptus has been used to reforest huge areas of Spain for the production of cellulose, but is being steadily abandoned in competition from cheaper paper from the Third World . If it is properly farmed there is no problem (firewise, in terms of biodiversity it's a disaster - more on this soon), but if left neglected, eucalyptus woods become a powder keg. Significantly, 80% of the burnt eucalyptus were neglected trees. In contrast, native holm oaks (encinas) resist fire much better. These aromatic trees are steeped in resin. Under high temperatures and low humidity they become extremely inflammable.

The tallest tree in Spain grows on the banks of the river Landro in a forest in Lugo . It is 67 metres tall with a girth of 10.5m, and is known as ' El Abuelo de Chavín' . The 'abuelo' (grandfather) is a eucalyptus (eucalyptus globus), the bane of autonomous Spanish forests and a major culprit in the propagation of fires. It is surrounded by other majestic examples. Some say they were planted to contain flooding, others say they were an experiment.

Bird names beginning with Eurasian and European

  • Eurasian collared dove : tórtola turca : tórtora turca : Streptopelia decaocto
  • Eurasian curlew : zarapito real : becut : Numenius arquata
  • Eurasian jackdaw : grajilla : gralla : Corvus monedula
  • Eurasian jay : arrendajo : gaig : Garrulus glandarius
  • Eurasian scops owl : autillo europeo : xot : Otus scops
  • Eurasian sparrowhawk : gavilán común : esparver vulgar : Accipiter nisus
  • Eurasian spoonbill : espátula común : bec planer : Platalea leucorodia
  • Eurasian treecreeper : agateador norteño : raspinell pirinenc : Certhia familiaris
  • Eurasian wigeon : silbón europeo : ànec xiulaire : Anas penelope
  • European golden plover : chorlito dorado europeo : daurada grossa : Pluvialis apricaria
  • European honey-buzzard : abejero europeo : aligot vesper : Pernis apivorus
  • European nightjar : chotacabras gris : enganyapastors : Caprimulgus europaeus
  • European nuthatch : trepador azul : picasoques blau : Sitta europaea
  • European roller : carraca : gaig blau : Coracias garrulus
  • European serin : verdecillo : gafarró : Serinus serinus
  • European storm-petrel : paíño europeo : ocell de tempesta : Hydrobates pelagicus
  • European turtle dove : tórtola europea : tórtora : Streptopelia turtur

evergreen tree : árbol de hoja perenne

European free-tailed bat : murciélago rabudo : Tadarida teniotis

European mink : visón europeo : Mustela lutreola

See European and American mink



See Links on Extremadura