Brown bears were once plentiful around Madrid, and herein probably lies the origin of Madrid 's shield El Oso y el Madroño (The Bear and the Strawberry tree - a favourite morsel of bears in Spain ). The area around Madrid was known as Ursaria for some time. The Libro de Montería (Book of the Hunt by King Alfono XI states: Madrid , un buen lugar de puerco y oso ( Madrid a good place for swine and bear).
El Oso y el Madroño
The importance of the bear to Madrileños was not lost on the Republicans during the Civil War as this poster shows.
Spanish Bear News - Wolf watching in the Sierra de la Culebra
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