Temperatures in Spain
Hours of sunshine vary in Spain from 1,700 on the Cantabrian coast up to more than 3,000 in the South and the Canaries.
The official record of the lowest temperature in Spain is at Estany Gento in Lerida with -32ºC in 1956, though once again experts suspect that some of the peaks in the Aragonese Pyrenees have fallen as low as -40ºC.
There are a number of official figures in Spain of around 47ºC, including at Écija , also known as the 'sartén or frying pan of Andalucia' in the province of Seville, with 47.0ºC in 1959 and again 1967, and Seville itself in 1946. See Temperature records
The sun in the northernmost reaches of Spain reaches a height of 69.5 on the horizon on the summer solstice. In Tarifa, Spain’s southernmost point, it reaches 77.5. On the winter solstice it’s 22.5 and 30.5, respectively. This means, clouds apart, a significant difference in sun received. Bilbao airport receives 1,525 hours, Costa de La Luz from Huelva to Cadiz around 3000 hours.
If one applies the rule of thumb of a decrease in average temperature of 0.65ºC every 100m in altitude ascended, there exists a difference in temperature of some 22ºC between the freezing peaks of Mulhacen, the ceiling of the Sierra Nevada at 3,478m, and semi-tropical Granada coast just 40km apart, -all things being equal, which of course they never are. Thus, while the average temperature of much of the Mediterranean coast is some 15ºC – close to the world average – temperatures above 2500m are below freezing.
The coldest stretch of coast in the winter is in Guipúzcoa with an average of 8ºC. The warmest is the coast of most of Andalusia with 13ºC.
The valleys of the Sistema Ibérica suffer the highest numbers of frost during the year, with places such as Calamocha and Molina de Aragón with an average of 120 frosts per year. Similarly, Reinosa in the Cordillera Cantábrica at 950m above sea level has an average of 90 days of frost.
On peaks above 2,500m in the Pyrenees, Picos de Europa, Sistema Central and Ibérico and Sierra Nevada it snows between 90 and 120 days a year. In the latter ranges, snow is often present October to June in the highest and shadiest spots, though it only remains all the year round in the glaciers of the Pyrenees.
Spain is a temperate country with average temperatures sea level of between 14º-20ºC. “Continentality” and altitude however cause daily temperatures ranges of up to 30ºC in parts of the country (Belichte in Zaragoza and Ordesa in Huesca.)
Climate and weather of Spanish towns and cities
Almeria - Cádiz - Cordoba - Granada - Huelva - Jaén - Málaga - Sevilla
Barcelona - Gerona - Lérida - Tarragona
Huesca - Teruel -Zaragoza
Gijón - Oviedo
Ciutadella - Ibiza - Mahón - Palma de Mallorca
Bilbao - San Sebastián - Vitoria-Gasteiz
Las Palmas de Gran Canaria - Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Castilla y León
Ávila - Burgos - León - Palencia - Salamanca - Segovia - Soria - Valladolid - Zamora
Albacete - Ciudad Real - Cuenca - Guadalajara -Toledo
Badajoz - Cáceres
La Coruña - Lugo - Orense - Pontevedra
temperature in Pyrenees
temperatures in Pyrenees
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ects of climate change in Catalonia this winter.
Jellyfish normally leave the cost in winter, but they've stayed this year because of the high temperatures of 15ºC (rather than 12-13). Winter rains which reduces the coastal sea's salt level and pushes jellyfish out to deeper waters, have been sparse and so jellyfish have stayed. Banks of Pelagia noctiluca
seen off Costa Brava. See also Spanish jellyfish
Without a cold spell to cut them back, pine processionary caterpillars have been wreaking havoc on the region's pines. Until 1985 they were only found as high as 1400m. Now as high as 1800m. A large increase in holm oak bug Kermes vermilio
has also been recorded. Incidentally, these bugs and their cousins is where we get the words vermilion
More and more hoopoes and storks are wintering in Catalonia instead of flying south. Previously rare Catalan species ( black-shouldered kite, thekla lark & orphean warbler) are increasingly turning up. More here (El Periodico
) . See also Climate change in Spain