climate change

Articles in ‘climate change’

Worst drought in Mediterranean Spain since 1912

March 26th, 2008

Worst drought since 1912
According to director general of water of the Ministry of the Environment, Jaime Palop, Mediterranean Spain is suffering the worst drought since 1912. (El Mundo)

Spanish drought worsens

February 18th, 2008

Spain is suffering its worst drought in the October-March semester for 60 years, with a national average of just 177 mm compared to the normal value of 316 mm. Only the unlikely event of very heavy rains over the next two weeks would save the period from beating the record. The prolonged drought over the last three years is the worst since reliable records began.
El Mundo

Climate change to affect shellfish in Galicia

February 11th, 2008

According to the Centro de Investigacións Mariñas of Galicia barnacle captures are likely to be favoured by alterations due to climate change, though clam and cockle farming will be hit.

Clams and cockles will be negatively affected by torrential rains as their principal beds lie at the mouth of rivers. Heavy rains will bring a large influx of fresh water harmful to shellfish. High water temperatures will lead to proliferation of pathogenic agents which attack clams and cockles.

On the plus side, the production of barnacles has increased in recent years coinciding with a fall in algal blooms, though the article does not explain why. More soon when I understand this.

El cambio climático favorecerá la captura del percebe en Galicia (El Pais)

More on barnacles from Iberianature

Bird extinction in Spain due to climate change

January 23rd, 2008

A new report (A Climatic Atlas of European Breeding Birds) has just been released by Birdlife on the effects of climate change on bird populations. As would be expected, the results are of serious concern. By the end of the century, the potential future distribution of the average European bird species will shift by nearly 550 km north-east. Specifically for Spain (SEO) the following species are likely to become extinct (13):

  1. Ptarmigan (Lagopus mutus)
  2. Capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus)
  3. Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus)
  4. Common Guillemot (Uria aalge)
  5. Short-eared Owl (Asio flammeus)
  6. Tengmalm’s Owl (Aegolius funereus)
  7. White-backed Woodpecker (Dendrocopos leucotos)
  8. Dupont’s lark (Chersophilus duponti)
  9. Bluethroat (Luscinia svecica)
  10. Grasshopper Warbler (Locustella naevia)
  11. Balearic Warbler (Sylvia balearica)
  12. Pied Flycatcher (Ficedula hypoleuca)
  13. Rook (Corvus frugilegus) Read the rest of this entry

Sea level rise in the Mediterranean

January 18th, 2008

Sea level in the Mediterranean could rise by as much as half a metre in the next 50 years according to the Instituto Español de Oceanografía. Sea level in the Mediterranean rose 8cm between 1948 and 2005. The study analyzed how sea levels, temperatures and salinity have evolved in the Spanish Mediterranean since 1948, when the first scientific measurements were taken. According to the researchers the observations “coincide with the worst results” of studies on global climate change. .(El Pais).

Climate change report on Spain

November 29th, 2007

A new report (PDF) for the Spanish government paints a grim picture for the country for the late 21st century with extreme temperatures in the summer, the wholescale desertification of the south, a collapse in biodiversity (with for example 97% of reptiles and amphibians affected), a big reduction of water resources, particularly in the south, a rise in sea level of 15cm leading from 15-70m lost in beaches. (El Pais) More soon.

Greenpeace predict the future of Spain with photo book

November 8th, 2007

Greenpeace have just published a book (Photoclima: Imágenes de un futuro afectado por el cambio climático) which attempts to predict the future of the Spanish landscape using photo manipulation. The photos are accompanied by texts by writers including José Saramago, Manuel Rivas, Iñaki Gabilondo, Miguel Delibes and Jane Goodall. Below the River Ebro as it passes through Zaragoza and the disappearance of La Manga del Mar Menor. El Pais

Monte Perdido glacier

September 4th, 2007

What remains of the glacier of Monte Perdido, the second largest in the Pyrenees and covering in 2001, 44 ha down from 556 in 1894, has just been declared a National Monument by the Aragonese government. This will presumably save it from climate change. (El Mundo)

monte perdido glacier

Climate change and bird migration in Spain

April 3rd, 2007

SEO/Birdlife has launched a new webpage ( http://www.avesyclima.org) on the phenology of birds in Spain. People are invited to register and send in their data on bird sightings this year and records from previous years. The basis of the site are the 44,000 records taken since 1944 of 87 key species. This will allow migratory maps to be produced for each species and show changes due to climate change. Phenological reacords on some fruit trees (eg almond blossom) and insects are also included. Early conclusions includeÂ

  • Less and less cranes arrive every yearÂ
  • Storks are leaving later or staying all year round. 20 years not a single stork wintered in Spain. Now an estimated 30,000 winter here.Â
  • An increase in migration of Sub-Saharan birdsÂ
  • The increase in tempeartures in Spain of one and a half degrees since the early 1960s has pushed forward the arrival of at least cuckoos, storks, swifts. nightingales and swallows. However, a word of caution. With the notable exception of the storks, these early arrivals are with respect to the “unusually late”1960s”. Arrival times are now it seems the same as the 1940s. We shall see

And here’s a map the arrival of swallows

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Temperatures in Spain in 2070

February 22nd, 2007

11/02/2007 Temperatures set to rise 4-7ºc in summer Spain by 2070, one of the worst hit places in the world. The country’s geographical position makes it particularly vunerable to climate change.

More soon (El Pais)