A guide to food in Spain – L-M-N



  • lacón: Galician cured ham (foreleg)

  • lacón con grelos: Galician cured ham with tender turnip shoots/leaves.

  • lagarto: lizard

  • lamprea: lamprey

  • langosta: lobster

  • langostinos: king prawns (Panaeus kerathurus)

  • lapa: limpet

  • laurel: bay leaf

  • leche: milk

  • lechal: spring lamb or kid goat

  • lechazo: spring lamb

  • lechón (cochinillo): suckling pig

  • lechuga: lettuce

  • legumbres: pulses

  • lengua: tongue

  • lenguado: sole

  • lentejas: lentils

  • levadura: yeast

  • levadura (en polvo): baking powder

  • licores: liquors

  • liebre: hare

  • lima: lime

  • limón: lemon

  • llard (Catalan): lard

  • llardons (Catalan): pork scratchings

  • llonganissa (Catalan): raw or cured pork sausage

  • Logroño: A tapas pilgrimage in Logroño (The Guardian) “But my vote goes to Logroño, the untouristy capital of La Rioja, for the sheer concentration of tapas bars in its medieval old town. Almost 50 are crammed into a single block about the size of four tennis courts. I counted 24 in 100 steps along Calle del Laurel, 13 in 50 paces along Travesía del Laurel. Calle San Agustin and Calle Albornoz complete the circuit with a dozen more. Hemingway treated his taste buds here during his Iberian travels, while King Juan Carlos has given them his royal seal of approval.”
  • lombarda: red cabbage

  • lomo: pork loin

  • lomo embuchado: cured pork loin

  • longaniza: thin raw or cured pork sausage

  • lubina: sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax)

  • lucio: pike


  • macarrones: macaroni

  • macedonia de fruta: fruit salad

  • madroño: strawberry tree fruit

  • magdalena: cupcake

  • magro: lean (meat)

  • mahón: cheese from Menorca

  • mahonesa: mayonnaise

  • maicena: cornstarch or cornflour

  • maíz: corn

  • majado: mixture of garlic and ground spices added to a dish in its final stages.

  • Málaga: sweet wine

  • manchego: cured sheep’s milk cheese from La Mancha

  • mandarina: tangerine

  • manos de cerdo: pigs’ trotters

  • manteca: lard

  • mantecado: sweet biscuit with almonds and lard. Traditionally eaten at Christmas.

  • mantequilla: butter

  • manzana: apple

  • manzanilla 1: chamomile

  • manzanilla 2: a variety of fino sherry

  • mar i muntanya (Catalan):

  • margarina: margarine

  • mariscada: seafood feast

  • marisco: seafood

  • marmitako:

  • mató: a type of fresh curd cheese from Catalonia

  • mayonesa: mayonnaise

  • mazapán: marzipan

  • mejillón: mussel

  • mejorana: marjoram (Origanum majorana)

  • mel i mató: staple Catalan dessert consisting of a fresh curd cheese (mató) with a generous helping of honey (mel) poured on top.

  • melaza: molasses

  • melisa: lemon balm (Melissa officinalis)

  • melocotón: peach

  • melón: melon. Melón con jamón is a popular starter.

  • melva: bullet tuna (Auxis rochei)

  • membrillo: quince

  • menestra de legumbres: vegetable stew

  • menta: mint

  • menjar blanc (Catalan): blancmange, exactly the same as the British version, menjar means to eat in Catalan. It is a speciality of Reus in Tarragona province.

  • menú del día: fixed price menu

  • menudos: offal

  • merluza: hake. Merluza is one of the most popular fishes in Spain. There are several classes of merluza on the market depending on how they are caught. In order of quality, price and availability:

    • Merluza de pincho

    • Merluza de palangre

    • Merluza de arrastre

  • Merluza a la sidra in Asturias is a superb dish. Small hake are sometimes served, rather grotescally, curled up, so that the animal seems to be biting its own tail.

  • merluza al ajoarriero: hake with garlic and chilis

  • merluza en salsa verde: hake in a parsley and wine sauce

  • mermelada: jam or marmalade

  • mero: grouper

  • miel: honey

  • migas: a traditional dish made with leftover bread. It is one of the more varied dishes en Spain.

  • milhojas: mille-feuille pastry

  • mona:

  • mojama: salted and cured tuna loin. Mojama from alicante enjoys particular fame.

  • mojo picón: green or red spicy sauce from the Canary Islands. Often used to acompany Papas arrugadas.

  • molleja: sweetbread (offal)

  • moniato: sweet potato / yam

  • montadito / montado: small tapa served on bread slices

  • mora: blackberry

  • morcilla: black pudding

  • morro: snout

  • morros de cerdo: pigs’ cheeks

  • morteruelo: Manchegan paté with pork, hare and partridge. Eaten hot or cold.

  • moscatel: sweet dessert wine

  • mostaza: mustard. In Spain, when not French, a dull yellow American-style condiment eaten with hotdogs.

  • músic (Catalan): Mixed nuts and dried fruits. The origin of the name dates back to mediaeval times, when troubadors who literally sang for their supper, were given this dish in return for an evening’s entertainment. Everything should be really fresh and in good condition (fruits secs means nuts in Catalan, dry fruits as opposed to fresh fruits) traditionally this is served with a sweet moscatel wine. It is a good choice as a sweet for people who don’t like sweets! (Simon Rice)


  • nabo: turnip

  • naranja: orange. Possibly brought to Spain from India by Vasco de Gama in the early 16th century. Valencia is the leading orange producer in the EU with most grown in Valencia and Murcia.

  • nata: cream

  • nata agria: sour cream

  • nata montada: whipped cream

  • natillas: cold custard

  • navajas: razor clams

  • nécora: velvet crab (Liocarcinus puber)

  • nectarina: nectarine

  • níscalos: wild mushrooms

  • nisperos: meddler fruit

  • nuez: walnut. Walnut production is centred in Galicia, Leon and Asturias. Eaten in desserts such as nogada aragonesa and in Catalonia with músic and mel i mató.

  • nuez moscada: nutmeg

  • ñora: spicy dry round pepper used as a condiment


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What is lacon?

Galician lacon

Lacon con grelos recipe

How do you say lamprea in english?

Cómo se dice lamprea en inglés?

Lamprey in spanish

Langosta en inglés

Lobster in spanish

How do you say langostino in english?

Cómo se dice langostino en inglés?

King prawns in spanish

Spanish prawns

Laurel in english

Bay leaf in spanish

How do you say leche in english?

Leche english translation

Milk spanish translation

Milk in spain

Lambs in spain

How do you say lechuga in english?

Cómo se dice lechuga en inglés?

Lettuces in spain

Lettuce in spanish

Lengua in english

Tongue in spanish

Lenguado in english

Sole in spanish

Sole in spain

How do you say legumbres in english?

Cómo se dice legumbres en inglés?

Pulses in spain

Pulses in spanish

Lentejas in english

Lentils in spain

Lentils in spanish

Liquors in spain

Liquors in spanish

How do you say liebre in english

Cómo se dice liebre en inglés

Hares in spain

Hare in spanish

Hare recipe

Lime in spanish

Lemon in spanish

Lemons in spain

What are llardons?

What is llonganissa?

Catalan llonganissa

How do you say lomo in english?

Cómo se dice lomo en inglés?

Pork loin in spanish

What is longaniza?

Lubina in english

Sea bass in spain

Sea bass in spanish

Lucio en inglés

Pike in spanish

Magdalena in english

Cupcake in spanish

Mahon cheese

How do you say maiz in english?

Cómo se dice maiz en inglés?

Corn in spain

Corn in spanish

Malaga wine

Manchego cheese

Mandarina en inglés

Spanish tangerine

Tangerines in spain

How do you say manos de cerdo in english

Manos de cerdo en inglés

Pigs’ trotters in spanish

Manteca en inglés

Lard in spanish

What is mantecado

How do you say mantequilla in english

Butter in spanish

Manzana english translation

Apples in spain

Apple in spanish

How do you say margarina in english

Margarine in spanish

What is a mariscada?

How do you say marisco in english

Cómo se dice marisco en ingles

Seafood in spanish

Seafood in spain

What is marmitako?

What is mató?

Catalan mato

How do you say mayonesa in english?

Mayonnaise in spanish

Mazapán en inglés

Marzipan in spanish

How do you say mejillones in english

Cómo se dice mejillones en inglés

Mussels in spain

Mussels in spanish

What is mel i mató

Peach in spanish

Melocotón english translation

How do you say melon in english

Cómo se dice melon en inglés

Melons in spain

Spanish melon

Membrillo en inglés

Quince in spanish

What is menjar blanc

What is the menu del dia

How do you say merluza in english

Merluza en ingles

Hake in spain

Hake in spanish

Hake recipe

Mermelada in english

Jam in spanish

Marmalade in spanish

How do you say mero in english

Cómo se dice mero en ingles

Grouper in spanish

Miel english translation

Miel en ingles

Honey in spain

Honey in spanish

What are migas?

What is mojo picon?

Montaditos in spain

Mora in english

Blackberry in spanish

What is morcilla

How do you say morcilla in english

Spanish morcilla

Black pudding in spain

How do you say morros de cerdo en english

pigs’ cheeks in spanish

moscatel wine

mostaza en ingles

mustard in spanish

What is music?

What is musico?

How do you say nabo in english

Turnips in spain

Turnip in spanish

How do you say naranja in english

Naranja en inglés

Spanish oranges

Orange in spanish

How do you say nata in englsih

Cream in spanish

What are natillas?

What are navajas?

Razor clams in spanish

Navajas en ingles

How do you say necora in english

Crabs in spain

Níscalos in english

Wild mushrooms in spanish

What are nisperos?

Meddler fruit in spain

Nueces in english

Walnut in spanish

Walnuts in spain

How do you say nuez moscada in english

Cómo se dice nuez moscada en inglés

Nutmeg in spain

Nutmeg in spanish

What is ñora?