Bird extinction in Spain due to climate change

January 23rd, 2008 | by nick |

A new report (A Climatic Atlas of European Breeding Birds) has just been released by Birdlife on the effects of climate change on bird populations. As would be expected, the results are of serious concern. By the end of the century, the potential future distribution of the average European bird species will shift by nearly 550 km north-east. Specifically for Spain (SEO) the following species are likely to become extinct (13):

  1. Ptarmigan (Lagopus mutus)
  2. Capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus)
  3. Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus)
  4. Common Guillemot (Uria aalge)
  5. Short-eared Owl (Asio flammeus)
  6. Tengmalm’s Owl (Aegolius funereus)
  7. White-backed Woodpecker (Dendrocopos leucotos)
  8. Dupont’s lark (Chersophilus duponti)
  9. Bluethroat (Luscinia svecica)
  10. Grasshopper Warbler (Locustella naevia)
  11. Balearic Warbler (Sylvia balearica)
  12. Pied Flycatcher (Ficedula hypoleuca)
  13. Rook (Corvus frugilegus)

Species whose status will worsen (23):

  • Black Stork (Ciconia nigra)
  • Red Kite (Milvus milvus)
  • Black Kite (Milvus migrans)
  • Montagu’s Harrier (Circus pygargus)
  • Egyptian vulture (Neophron percnopterus)
  • Monk Vulture (Aegypius monachus)
  • Spanish Imperial Eagle (Aquila adalberti)
  • Grey Partridge (Perdix perdix)
  • Little Bustard (Tetrax tetrax)
  • Great Bustard (Otis tarda)
  • stone-curlew (Burhinus oedicnemus)
  • Collared pratincole (Glareola pratincola)
  • Common Redshank (Tringa tetanus)
  • Whiskered Tern (Chlidonias hybridus)
  • Black Tern (Chlidonias niger)
  • Black-bellied Sandgrouse (Pterocles orientalis)
  • Pin-tailed Sandgrouse (Pterocles alchata)
  • Stock Dove (Columba oenas)
  • European Roller (Coracias garrulus)
  • Lesser Short-toed Lark (Calandrella rufescens)
  • Rufous-tailed Scrub-robin (Cercotrichas galactotes)
  • Common Redstart (Phoenicurus phoenicurus)
  • Southern Grey Shrike (Lanius meridionalis)

There are also 75 species whose area of distribution will diminish considerably.

Especies cuya distribución en España se reduce considerablemente. Some examples: (Sorry can’t be bothered translating any more, but you have the Latin)

  • Cigüeña blanca Ciconia ciconia
  • Buitre leonado Gyps fulvus
  • Busardo o ratonero común Buteo buteo
  • Perdiz roja Alectoris rufa
  • Chocha perdiz Scolopax rusticola
  • Críalo Clamator glandarius
  • Lechuza común Tyto alba
  • Cogujada montesina Galerida theklae
  • Collalba negra Oenanthe leucura
  • Mirlo capiblanco Turdus torquatus
  • Zarcero común Hippolais polyglotta
  • Carbonero palustre Parus palustris
  • Herrerillo capuchino Parus cristatus
  • Agateador norteño Certhia familiaris
  • Rabilargo Cyanopica cyanus
  • Chova piquirroja Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
  • Estornino negro Sturnus unicolor
  • Gorrión chillón Petronia petronia
  • Verderón serrano Serinus citrinella

Species which will expand in Spain (7):

  • Busardo o ratonero moro Buteo rufinus
  • Halcón borní Falco biarmicus
  • Perdiz chukar Alectoris chukar
  • Perdiz griega Alectoris graeca
  • Zarcero pálido Hippolais pallida
  • Alcaudón chico Lanius minor
  • Gorrión moruno Passer hispaniolensis

Mediterranean species which will expand in Europe (some examples):

  • Águila perdicera Hieraeetus fasciatus
  • Cernícalo primilla Falco naumanni
  • Gaviota patiamarilla Larus michahellis
  • Autillo Otus scops
  • Vencejo pálido Apus pallidus
  • Abejaruco Merops apiaster
  • Abubilla Upupa epops
  • Terrera común Calandrella brachydactyla
  • Golondrina dáurica Hirundo daurica
  • Collalba rubia Oenanthe hispanica
  • Cetia ruiseñor o ruiseñor bastardo Cettia cetti
  • Cistícola buitrón Cisticola juncidis
  • Curruca cabecinegra Sylvia melanocephala
  • Alcaudón común Lanius senator
  • Escribano soteño Emberiza cirlus
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