Freshwater fish in Spain

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Aguja de río

Black-striped pipefish

Syngnathus abaster

Alburno

Bleak

Alburnus alburnus

Anguila

Eel

Anguilla anguilla

Bagre

European Chub

Squalius cephalus

Barbo cabecicorto

_______ barbel

Barbus microcephalus

Barbo comizo – Iberian barbel – Barbus comizo

  • Endemic to the Tagus and Guadiana river basins in Spain and Portugal.
  • It is estimated that B. comizo has undergone a population decline of at least 30% in the past 10 years due to water extraction, pollution and introduced taxa (Crivelli, A. pers comm.) this has led to a continuous decline in numbers and in area of occupancy.
  • It prefers the middle and lower reaches of rivers, in deep and slow waters with abundant submerged vegetation. It occurs also in reservoirs. It is a large size barbel (>500mm )
  • Source: UN Red List

Barbo común

_______ barbel

Barbus bocagei

  • Ebro River and other rivers of the northern and eastern Pyrenees basins

Barbo de cola roja

_______ barbel

Barbus haasi

Barbo de Graells

_______ barbel

Barbus graellsii

Barbo de montaña

Mediterranean barbel

Barbus meridionalis

Barbo europarra

_______ barbel

Barbus sclateri

Barbo mediterráneo

_______ barbel

Barbus guiraonis

Bermejuela

_______ n ase

Chondrostoma arcasii

Blica

White bream

Abramis bjoerkna

Boga de río – Iberian nase – Chondrostoma polylepis

  • Found in Portugal and central Spain: Miño, Duero and Tajo
  • A long-lived species found in rivers and occasionally in lakes. Its diet consists of encrusting algae, diatoms and invertebrates. Spawning occurs in spring in shallow water, on gravel and sometimes on timber pilings in the river. Is threatened due to the introduction of other species
  • Source Fishbase

Boga del Guadiana

Guadiana nase

Chondrostoma willkommii

Boga del duero

Duero nase

Chondrostoma duriense

Bogardilla

_______ chub

Squalius palaciosi

Bordallo

_______ chub

Squalius carolitertii

Cacho

Pyrenean chub

Squalius pyrenaicus

Calandino

_______chub

Squalius alburnoides

Carpa

Carp

Cyprinus carpio

Cavilat

Big-scale sand smelt

Cottus gobio

Chanchito

Chameleon cichlid

Cichlasoma facetum

Colmilleja

_______ loach

Cobitis paludica

Espinoso

Three-spined stickleback

Gasterosteus gymnurus

Esturión, Sollo

Sturgeon

Acipenser sturio

Fartet

Iberian toothcarp

Aphanius iberus

  • Egg-laying carnivorous fish which is used for mosquito control. Occurs in swamps, lagoons and lowland water bodies with little current. This short-lived species is now threatened throughout its entire range because of habitat destruction and because of the introduction of Gambusia affinis
  • Source Fishbase

Fraile

Freshwater blenny

Salaria fluviatilis

Fúndulo

Mummichog

Fundulus heteroclitus

Gambusia

Eastern mosquitofish

Gambusia holbrooki

Gardí

Rudd

Scardinius erythropthalmus

Gobio

Gudgeon

Gobio gobio

Huchón

Huchen

Hucho hucho

Jarabugo – Spanish minnow – Anaecypris hispanica

  • An endemic fish to the Iberian Peninsula. Most of the distribution is within Spain and some in Portugal (Guadiana river basin) (extent of occurrence <5,000 km²
  • A. hispanica has experienced a decline in population of >50% in 10 years, and it is ongoing in spite of the establishment of a conservation program. The population is fragmented due to dams and is declining due to water extraction, introduced species and pollution.
  • This species lives most of the time in small intermittent streams of the Guadiana River basin with high dissolved oxygen concentrations, coarse substratum, shallow depth and water temperature below 25°C. It is a short-lived species (maximum three years old) achieving a small size (< 60 mm). Reproduction takes place in April¿May. It is a species with limited dispersal. (Doadrio 2001).
  • Source: UN Red List

See also 02/04 Endemic Spanish Minnow ( Jarabugo – Anaecypris hispanica) under serious threat in Guadiana basin (El Pais)

Lamprea de arroyo

Brook lamprey

Lampetra planeri

Lamprea de río

River lamprey

Lampetra fluviatilis

Lamprea marina

Sea lamprey

Petromyzon marinus

Lamprehílla

_______ loach

Cobitis vettonica

Lamprehuela

_______ loach

Cobitis calderoni

Lobo de río

Stone loach

Barbatula barbatula

Loina

_______ n ase

Chondrostoma arrigonis

Lucio

Pike

Esox lucius

Lucioperca

Zander

Sander lucioperca

Madrija

Turia nase

Chondrostoma turiense

  • Endemic to river basins of Turia and Mijares in eastern Spain

Madrilla

_______ n ase

Chondrostoma miegii

Pardilla

_______ n ase

Chondrostoma lemmingii

Pejerrey

Atherina boyeri

Perca

perch

Perca fluviatilis

Perca americana/Blacbás

Largemouth bass

Micropterus salmoides

Pez gato

Black bullhead

Ameiurus melas

Pez sol

Pumpkinseed fish

Lepomis gibbosus

Piscardo

_______

Phoxinus phoxinus

Rutilo

Roach

Rutilus rutilus

Sábalo

Allis shad

Alosa alosa

Saboga

Twaite shad

Alosa fallax

Salvelino/Trucha de Fontana

Brook trout

Salvelinus fontinalis

Samaruc – Valencia toothcarp - Valencia hispanica

  • Restricted to six locations on the Mediterranean coastal area of Spain. It lives in marshes, wetlands and springs.
  • This species has undergone a population decline of more than 80% in the past 10 years due to habitat (marsh) destruction for urbanisation, agricultural pollution and the introduction of alien predators (Carmona, J and Elvira, B. pers comm).
  • Threatened by Drought, habitat destruction, water extraction, domestic and agricultural pollution and introduction of Gambusia holbrooki
  • Source: UN Red List

Siluro

Wels catfish

Silurus glanis

Tenca

Tench

Tinca tinca

Trucha

Trout

Salmo trutta

Trucha arco-iris

Rainbow trout

Oncorhynchus mykiiss

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