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Montseny

The Montseny Natural Park is located some 100 kilometres to the north of Barcelona, and its peaks form the highest points along the Catalan coastal range. The differences in altitude and climate produces a mosaic of communities ranging from typically Mediterranean and Central European forests, up to sub alpine habitats, in combination with streams, forests, farmland and high moors. The area was declared a biosphere reserve by Unesco in 1978.

Relief and geology

Montseny can be divided into three basic mountainous blocks: El Turó de l'Home (1,706 m) and Les Agudes (1,703 m), the plateau of La Calma (Puig Drau, 1,344 m) and El Matagalls (1,697 m).

Vegetation and climate

The combination of climate, altitude and a mountainous terrain cut by cliffs and streams produces an interesting variety of habitats, and a meeting point for Mediterranean and Central European ecosystems. The slower slopes are dominated by holm oak and other typically Mediterranean species such as stone pine and cork oak, the latter with the remanants of a once thriving cork industry. As one moves up, the holm oak gives way to an association of mountain holm oak and oak. This is then replaced at around 900-1000m by the southernmost beech forests of Europe - bar a couple of small patches in the Sistema Central and Els Ports, massively popular during autumn weekends among Barcelona day trippers for their riot of colours, but reasonanly quiet for most of the year. They also make a welcome break in August from a sweltering Barcelona, but as climate change kicks in, are these woods doomed to disappear? This may already be happening. Studies since 1945 show that holm oak is slowly replacing the beech and that the limit of the beech has moved 70m upwards, in search of cooler, wetter conditions. Turó de l'Home at 1707m is the highest point in Montseny so they've got 300 metres to go. More seriously under threat are the sub-alpine communities of the last few hundred metres. Temperatures on Montseny are estimated to have risen by a degree in the last century, double the global average, and leaves here now sprout 20 days earlier than 50 years ago and fall 13 days later. The mountain is said to be undergoing "mediterraneanisation", and the recent spate of hot summers and dry springs may be speeding this process up. More here (Interview with CSIC researchers).

Wildlife of Montseny

As with the flora, the lower slopes of holm oak the is taken over by Central European fauna as the altidue rises. You have a small fighting chance of seeing wild boar and fox in either of the forest types, and the former's tracks are omnipresent, but the genet in the holm oak woods and the dormice in the oak woods are much harder to detect.

Montseny's isolation has led to the evoution of the endemic Montseny Brook Newt (Calotriton arnoldi) discovered to science in 2005(+ Video here). This is Spain's only endemic newt/salamander. Less than 1500 individual adults live in an area of just 40 km2.

Birdlife of Montseny

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Human history of Montseny

Montseny has been occupied since prehistoric times. More information in English here


The mountain is also famous for its legends of witches, water maidens and goblins. More information in dodgy English here

Practicalities

  • Walking in Montseny

Good routes here in Catalan

 

  • Getting there



Car
Take A7 mototrway from Barcelona and leave at Sant Celoni, follwing signs for Santa Fe and/or Natural Park de Montseny. Full road map of Montseny here

Train
RENFE: Train skirts eastern side of the park. Take train to xxxx. Get off at el Figaró. Web: www.renfe.es

Bus:
Barcelonabus. Bus from xxxx at 9:30 am. Get of at Santa Fe for beech woods. Back at 5:30.
Tel. 902 130 014 Web: www.barcelonabus.com

Facts about Montseny, Facts and figures about Montseny, Trivia Montseny

Facts about Montseny, Facts and figures about Montseny, Trivia Montseny
Environment of Montseny
Wildlife of Montseny
Montseny Environment
Montseny climate
Montseny geography
Montseny nature
Montseny wildlife
Environment of Montseny
Geography of Montseny
Climate of Montseny
Natural history of Montseny
Wildlife of Montseny
Montseny Environment
Montseny climate
Montseny geography
Montseny nature
Montseny wildlife
Montseny wetlands
Montseny birds
Montseny wetlands
Montseny birds
temperatures in Montseny in January - temperatures in Montseny in February - temperatures in Montseny in March - temperatures in Montseny in April - temperatures in Montseny in May - temperatures in Montseny in June temperatures in Montseny _ temperatures in Montseny in July - temperatures in Montseny in August - temperatures in Montseny in September - temperatures in Montseny in October - temperatures in Montseny in November - temperatures in Montseny in December

temperature in Montseny in January - temperature in Montseny in February - temperature in Montseny in March - temperature in Montseny in April - temperature in Montseny in May - temperature in Montseny in June temperature in Montseny _ temperature in Montseny in July - temperature in Montseny in August - temperature in Montseny in September - temperature in Montseny in October - temperature in Montseny in November - temperature in Montseny in December

rainfall in Montseny in January - rainfall in Montseny in February - rainfall in Montseny in March - rainfall in Montseny in April - rainfall in Montseny in May - rainfall in Montseny in June rainfall in Montseny _ rainfall in Montseny in July - rainfall in Montseny in August - rainfall in Montseny in September - rainfall in Montseny in October - rainfall in Montseny in November - rainfall in Montseny in December

precipitation in Montseny in January - precipitation in Montseny in February - precipitation in Montseny in March - precipitation in Montseny in April - precipitation in Montseny in May - precipitation in Montseny in June precipitation in Montseny _ precipitation in Montseny in July - precipitation in Montseny in August - precipitation in Montseny in September - precipitation in Montseny in October - precipitation in Montseny in November - precipitation in Montseny in December

climate in Montseny in January - climate in Montseny in February - climate in Montseny in March - climate in Montseny in April - climate in Montseny in May - climate in Montseny in June climate in Montseny _ climate in Montseny in July - climate in Montseny in August - climate in Montseny in September - climate in Montseny in October - climate in Montseny in November - climate in Montseny in December

temperatures in Montseny in January - temperatures in Montseny in February - temperatures in Montseny in March - temperatures in Montseny in April - temperatures in Montseny in May - temperatures in Montseny in June temperatures in Montseny _ temperatures in Montseny in July - temperatures in Montseny in August - temperatures in Montseny in September - temperatures in Montseny in October - temperatures in Montseny in November - temperatures in Montseny in December

temperature in Montseny in January - temperature in Montseny in February - temperature in Montseny in March - temperature in Montseny in April - temperature in Montseny in May - temperature in Montseny in June temperature in Montseny _ temperature in Montseny in July - temperature in Montseny in August - temperature in Montseny in September - temperature in Montseny in October - temperature in Montseny in November - temperature in Montseny in December

rainfall in Montseny in January - rainfall in Montseny in February - rainfall in Montseny in March - rainfall in Montseny in April - rainfall in Montseny in May - rainfall in Montseny in June rainfall in Montseny _ rainfall in Montseny in July - rainfall in Montseny in August - rainfall in Montseny in September - rainfall in Montseny in October - rainfall in Montseny in November - rainfall in Montseny in December

precipitation in Montseny in January - precipitation in Montseny in February - precipitation in Montseny in March - precipitation in Montseny in April - precipitation in Montseny in May - precipitation in Montseny in June precipitation in Montseny _ precipitation in Montseny in July - precipitation in Montseny in August - precipitation in Montseny in September - precipitation in Montseny in October - precipitation in Montseny in November - precipitation in Montseny in December

climate in Montseny in January - climate in Montseny in February - climate in Montseny in March - climate in Montseny in April - climate in Montseny in May - climate in Montseny in June climate in Montseny _ climate in Montseny in July - climate in Montseny in August - climate in Montseny in September - climate in Montseny in October - climate in Montseny in November - climate in Montseny in December

 

 

Barcelona nature and birding tours

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Barcelona and Collserola
Delta del Llobregat
El Garraf
Montseny
Els Aiguamolls del Empordà
Les Planes de Llérida
Delta del Ebro



 

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