IberiaNature A guide to the natural history of Spain
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Tracking in the Sierra de la Culebra

Wolf excrement with wild boar: Unmistakable. Wild boar is a common prey in the Sierra de la Culebra, though it is unlikely wolves tackle full-grown male boars. Note the dark black excrement underneath. A wolf has marked its presence directly on top of a fox’s excrement. A reminder of who is the boss.

Wolf pawprint next to varied wild boar tracks. Note the pronounces claw marks. The claws of dogs (or at least domestic ones) are blunter as they are warn down these days by tarmasc. Tracking formed an important part of the trip.

Wolf excrement with
red deer or roe deer. Commonest form of prey in the Sierra. There are some 1,200 red deer and 500 roe deer in the reserve. Each of the six or seven packs need a medium–sized red deer a week to survive, though as can be seen here their diet is varied. Count on an average of a kilo/day per wolf.

Wolf excrement with sheep. As noted here though a common prey in parts of Spain, wolves here in the Sierra eat very few sheep

A badger’s pawprint

And nearby two badger’s claws (I think) found in a wolf excrement. Badger is not a common prey for wolves as it will fight to the end and there are few citations in the Spanish literature. Maybe it was carrion.



Trip details

Trip report 1

Trip report 2

Sierra de la Culebra geography

Humans and wolves in the Sierra de la Culebra

Shepherds and mastins

Wolf tracking

Wolves in Spain
(complete article)

Reasons for the rise in the wolf population in Spain

Distribution, habitat and diet of wolves in Spain - Iberian wolf population (2005 estimates)

Conflict with livestock and humans

Wolf traditions and legends in Spain

Half-wolf, half-dog hybrids

The return of the wolf to Catalonia

Wolves in Iberian Languages


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