English – Spanish glossary of the Middle Ages

An English-Spanish glossary of words connected with the Middle Ages.

  • archer -  arquero
  • armour -  armadura
  • arrow -  flecha
  • axe -  hacha
  • bard – barda
  • battlements – almenas
  • Black Death, the – La Peste Negra
  • bow -  arco
  • castle -  castillo
  • catapult – catapulta
  • cauldron -  caldera
  • chain mail – malla (armadura)
  • chastity belt – cinturón de castidad
  • chivalry – caballerosidad
  • crossbow – ballesta
  • crown – corona
  • crusades – cruzadas
  • drawbridge -  puente levadizo
  • dungeon -  calabozo, mazmorra
  • feudalism – feudalismo
  • outlaw – forajido
  • fortress – forteleza
  • helmet – casco
  • guild – gremio
  • jester- bufón
  • jousting, joust – justa (sport)
  • king -  rey
  • kingdom – reino
  • knight -  caballero
  • lance -  lanza
  • lute – laúd
  • maiden – donzella
  • manor house – casa señorial
  • mazo – mace
  • Middle Ages, the – La Edad Media
  • minstrel – juglar
  • moat -  fosa
  • Moor – Moro
  • page – paje
  • peasant – campesino
  • princess -  princesa
  • queen – reina
  • quiver – carcaj
  • scabbard – vaina (para espada)
  • serf -siervo
  • shield -  escudo
  • siege – asedio
  • sword -  espada
  • throne -  trono
  • tower -  torre
  • watchtower- atalaya

More advanced

  • ball and chain – mangual
  • codpiece – bragueta de armar
  • hose – calzas
  • keep – torre del homenaje /  torreón
  • scimitar – cimitarra
  • to be hung, drawn and quartered – ahorcado, destripado y descuartizado

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